Talks in 2004

• “L’Islam en France: les raisons de l’État, 1974-2004,” conference on Droits, libertés et obligations du culte musulman en France à l’aube du XXIe siècle, Les amis de La Médina et Institut de l’Islam et des Sociétés du Monde Musulman, Ecole des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris – December 2004)

• “Managing Transnational Islam: Muslims and the State in Western Europe,” University of Colorado at Boulder; and: Boston College; and: The New School University (November/December 2004)

• “Islam in Italy,” roundtable on The Political Integration of Muslims in Western Europe, The Brookings Institution (Washington, DC – November 2004)

• “Why did France ban headscarves in schools?”, panel on The Religious Rights of Women: Hijab Bans in France and Turkey, American University, Washington College of Law (Washington, DC – October 2004)

• “Managing Transnational Islam in Western Europe,” conference on Immigration in a Cross-National Context: What are the Implications for Europe? Luxembourg Income Study and Syracuse University (Luxembourg – June 2004)

• Co-convener and speaker, “State-Islam Relations and the Integration of Muslims in France,” conference on Incorporating Minorities in Europe: from the 19th Century to the Present, Center for European Studies, Harvard University (Cambridge – April 2004)

• Panels on “Multicultural Concerns” (chair and presenter) and “Negotiating Identities: Author meets critics” (commentator) at 2004 Conference of Europeanists, Council for European Studies (Chicago – March 2004)